Decades of conflict, recurring natural hazards, and protracted and multiple displacement has affected insecurity, infrastructure decay and economic stagnation in Afghanistan.
The conflict between Afghan National Security Forces, the Taliban, and the Islamic State Khorasan Province has intensified and violent attacks and armed clashes have severely impacted civilian infrastructure, including schools, hospitals, and roads. On 29 February 2020, the Taliban and US signed a peace deal paving the way for intra-Afghan talks which began in September 2020.
2021 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report
The SHCC identified 106 specific incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care services in Afghanistan in 2020. Health workers and hospitals continued to be affected by on-going conflict between the Afghan National Security Forces and the Taliban, and other armed groups during 2020. Health workers and hospitals also suffered targeted violent attacks by the Islamic State in Khorasan Province and other unidentified non-state armed groups.