The proliferation of criminal organisations in Mexico that display increasingly aggressive behaviour is spreading across the whole country. The increasing spread of such violence appears to be linked to fragmentation in criminal groups that followed the breakup of the large crime cartels resulting from law enforcement agency operations.
Not all violence can be ascribed to convolutions of organised crime. Several vigilante groups, set up to protect communities from criminal predators, not only clash with criminal groups but, in seizing territory and resorting to extreme violence, some of these autodefensas have started to resemble criminals themselves.
2021 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report
The SHCC identified 16 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Mexico in 2020. Health workers were killed and health facilities raided in these incidents. Mexico also saw some of the highest numbers of COVID-19-related violence against health care.