Myanmar

Updated 24/05/2021

Mass Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) protests have takenplace across Myanmar after the Myanmar armed forces seized control of the country on 1 February following a general election that the National League for Democracy party won by a landslide.

The military have since declared a state of emergency to last for at least a year, and numerous countries have condemned the takeover and subsequent violent crackdown on protesters. Hundreds of people, including children, have been killed and many injured during the protests. The violence has impacted health workers, hospitals and ambulances.

2021 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report

The SHCC identified 17 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Myanmar in 2020, compared to one such incident in 2019. These incidents involved the damaging or destruction of seven health facilities, and the kidnapping, killing, or injuring of six health workers.

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Health Care

Violence and obstruction against health care has occurred throughout the country since the beginning of the 2021 coup.

Hospitals were raided and occupied and ambulances shot at. Health workers were arrested, injured, and in some cases killed in close-range shootings. Health workers were prevented from treating wounded protesters and emergency medical teams were shot at with live rounds while trying to retrieve or treat injured civilians.

Health workers were intimidated, arrested and evicted from government housing on suspicion of participating in the CDM. Data

Our Global Interactive Map on Threats and Violence against Health Care provides access to continuously updated information on violence against health care in conflict and related to COVID-19.

Aid in Danger

Local non-governmental organisations providing emergency medical assistance and funeral services have been attacked and obstructed from aiding injured protesters. Aid volunteers were injured, arrested and in some cases shot and killed by military and police forces whilst assisting injured protesters. In Ayeyarwady, Mandalay and Yangon regions volunteer ambulances were shot at and damaged or destroyed whilst responding to injured civilians. LNGO offices were also raided and stored medical supplies looted by military and police forces. Data

Education

Teachers have been arrested, injured, and shot and killed for their involvement or support of anti-coup protests. A number of schools and universities were also occupied by military forces

Throughout the country, students have led many anti-coup protests which has resulted in them becoming a target during violent crackdowns by armed military and police forces. Students have been arrested, injured, and in some instances shot and killed, during protests in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Tanintharyi and Yangon states. Data