Updated 17/12/2020

Insecurity stemming from neighbouring countries is impacting communities in Niger. Attacks by various Islamist militant groups is on the increase, particularly in Tillaberi and Tahoua region in the west bordering Burkina Faso, Mali and Nigeria, and Diffa region in the east bordering Nigeria and Chad. The latter has been under a state of emergency since 2015.

The volatile situation has decreased humanitarian access and two large-scale attacks on aid workers in Tillaberi region has led to concerns on aid workers safety in the country, particularly outside of Niger’s major cities. In June 2020 nine local aid workers working with a local NGO were kidnapped. Whilst in August 2020, six international aid workers and two local aid workers working for an INGO were shot and killed, along with their drive and local guide.

The main perpetrators of violence are mainly various Islamic militant groups with links to Al Qaeda and ISIS, perpetrator affiliantions include the  Boko Haram, Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS), Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) and Jamaal Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM). Boko Haram are active in the Diffa region, in the Lake Chad Basin whilst JNIM , ISGS and ISWAP are active in the border regions of Mali and Burkina Faso.

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Aid in Danger

Due to the unpredictable security situation in the country humanitarian access is constrained. The safety of humanitarian workers is a concern particularly following the abduction in June 2020 of nine local aid workers in, Tillaberi region and an attack in August 2020 where eight aid workers, (six international staff and two local staff) working for an INGO  were killed also in Tillaberi region. Data


In February 2020, a number of schools were set on fire by ISGS militants in the Tillaberi region. Teachers were also at risk of being targeted by Islamist groups. In Tillaberi and Agadez region teachers were shot at, killed and abducted by various militant groups. Data

IDPs and Refugees

In 2020, conflict and violence has increased the number of displaced persons in the country with the majority of displacement occurring in Tahoua and Tillaberi regions. According to the Internal Displacement monitoring centre, in the first half of 2020 the number of newly displaced persons exceeded those for the whole of 2019. 
IDP and refugee communities were targeted and attacked by Islamist militants groups. In May and June Intikana refugee camp in Tahoua region was attacked twice by large groups of armed men with possible links to Al Qaeda and ISIS. Data