Insecurity stemming from neighbouring countries is impacting communities in Niger. Attacks by various Islamist militant groups is on the increase, particularly in Tillaberi and Tahoua region in the west bordering Burkina Faso, Mali and Nigeria, and Diffa region in the east bordering Nigeria and Chad. The latter has been under a state of emergency since 2015.
The volatile situation has decreased humanitarian access and two large-scale attacks on aid workers in Tillaberi region has led to concerns on aid workers safety in the country, particularly outside of Niger’s major cities. In June 2020 nine local aid workers working with a local NGO were kidnapped. Whilst in August 2020, six international aid workers and two local aid workers working for an INGO were shot and killed, along with their drive and local guide.
The main perpetrators of violence are mainly various Islamic militant groups with links to Al Qaeda and ISIS, perpetrator affiliantions include the Boko Haram, Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS), Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) and Jamaal Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM). Boko Haram are active in the Diffa region, in the Lake Chad Basin whilst JNIM , ISGS and ISWAP are active in the border regions of Mali and Burkina Faso.