Burkina Faso

Activities by various armed groups in the Sahel, Est, and Centre-Nord regions is increasing insecurity in these areas.

Schools and health care services are frequently impacted by violence leading to disruption or closures to education, health, and aid services.

Violence against IDPs, as well as attacks on civilians, make it harder for aid workers to access people in need.

Jama’at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM) or Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) militants are the main perpetrators of violence. Members of the Burkinabe Armed Forces and police officers, and Koglweogo and Katiba Macina militants are also known to cause harm.

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Aid in Danger

In 2020, overall insecurity has increased in Burkina Faso. Aid agencies face access issues in most areas of Burkina Faso. Aid workers are frequently kidnapped by armed groups. Aid workers are also killed and injured, often during hijackings of aid convoys. Drivers of these convoys are frequently targeted during these attacks. Hijacking and looting of aid convoys is common. Data.

Health Care

There has been an increase in attacks on health care in 2020 compared to the last two years. Health workers including nurses and paramedics are killed, kidnapped and injured, hospitals and pharmacies are damaged and looted by armed groups including Islamic State militants during wider assaults on civilians and in targeted attacks on health providers. Data


In 2020, there has been an increase in attacks on education in the Sahel, Est, Boucle de Mouhoun, Centre-Nord, Nord, Centre-Ouest, and Ouagadougou regions. 

Schools are set on fire and property looted. Students and teachers shot and killed by armed groups including JNIM or ISGS militants. These attacks have occurred inside schools, on school buses and during road travel. Teacher kidnappings are also common. Data

IDPs and Refugees

In 2020, increased conflict in northern regions bordering Mali has increased the movement of people, and violence by armed groups on refugee camps have forced thousands of refugees to leave these camps in search of safer areas. IDPs and refugees are killed and kidnapped by armed groups including JNIM and ISGS militants.