Tensions between government forces and separatist fighters in the Northwest and Southwest Anglophone regions have increased insecurity and violence in these areas. Attacks against civilians by Boko Haram militants has also increased, particularly in the northern Far North region.
Compared to 2019, 2020 saw an increase in displacement due to increasing conflict and violence. The conflict in the Anglophone regions has accounted for around tens of thousands of newly displaced persons.
In 2020 there was an increase in violent attacks on education. On 24th October, in Kumbo city, a group of nine perpetrators armed with guns and machetes attacked a school, killing six to eight pupils and wounding 12 more. In December 2020 police pressed criminal charges against the proprietress of the school and her partner, alongside four other persons following the attack. Additionally, in November 2020, also in Kumbo city, a primary school was raided and six children and 11 teachers abducted.