Cameroon

Tensions between government forces and separatist fighters in the Northwest and Southwest Anglophone regions have increased insecurity and violence in these areas. Attacks against civilians by Boko Haram militants has also increased, particularly in the northern Far North region.

Compared to 2019, 2020 saw an increase in displacement due to increasing conflict and violence. The conflict in the Anglophone regions has accounted for around tens of thousands of newly displaced persons.

In 2020 there was an increase in violent attacks on education. On 24th October, in Kumbo city, a group of nine perpetrators armed with guns and machetes attacked a school, killing six to eight pupils and wounding 12 more. In December 2020 police pressed criminal charges against the proprietress of the school and her partner, alongside four other persons following the attack. Additionally, in November 2020, also in Kumbo city, a primary school was raided and six children and 11 teachers abducted.

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Aid in Danger

Humanitarian access in Cameroon is challenging. International humanitarian organisations in the Anglophone regions are increasingly affected by ongoing conflict. Insecurity has impeded access for aid workers working in the area, who are often subject to misinformation by people linked to the separatist movement. Aid programmes are disrupted or temporarily suspended due to insecurity.

In the Northwest and Southwest regions, aid workers have been kidnapped, sometimes in groups. There have been cases of kidnapped aid workers being killed in captivity. Aid convoys are also ambushed by armed groups. Data

Health Care

2020 saw an increase in violence affecting health care compared to the last two years. In the Far North region, Boko Haram have set health facilities on fire and looted medicine, possibly to treat sick fighters and families. Security analysts reported in late 2020 chaos in the Boko Haram camp following the cholera deaths of over 200 fighters and their families. In the Northwest region, suspected Ambazonian separatists set alight supplies intended to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Data


Our Security Incidents Map provides interactive data on violence and threats to health care in conflict-related and COVID-19 related incidents.

Education

In 2020, violence affecting education has increased, particularly in the Northwest and Southwest where Ambazonian separatists have ordered a boycott of schools and threatened violence on those who attend. Attacks on education have also occurred in the Far North, Southwest, Centre and West regions. Due to insecurity schools have been forced to close forcing schools to close and Cameroon Armed Forces deployed to protect teachers and students. In the Anglophone regions teachers have been forced to leave their job and seek safety elsewhere.

Perpetrators include Ambazonian Separatist fighters in the Northwest and Southwest regions, Boko Haram, active in the Far North region, as well as other armed groups or bandits.

Both students and educators are targeted during attacks and schools stormed by armed groups. Students are shot, killed and injured in schools, on the way to school or in hostels close to universities. Teachers are kidnapped, killed and physically assaulted on their way to work or inside schools. Teachers are also arrested by state forces over accusation of links with separatists or in their involvement in the Anglophone crisis. Data

IDPs and Refugees

Increasing insecurity and violence particularly in the Northwest, Southwest and Far North region has led to an increase in displaced persons. IDP camps in the Far North have been attacked by Boko Haram fighters who injured and killed residents and looted goods. Data

Social Media Monitoring

Insecurity Insight monitors and examines social media to identify when it is used to spread false information and incite violence against aid providers. In Cameroon international aid programmes in the conflict areas are subject to misinformation by people with links to the separatist movement and have come under attack as a result.