Mass Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) protests have been taking place across Myanmar after the Myanmar armed forces (known as the Tatmadaw) seized control of the country on 1 February following a general election that the National League for Democracy party won by a landslide.

The military have since declared a state of emergency to last for at least a year, and numerous countries have condemned the takeover and subsequent violent crackdown on protesters. Hundreds of people, including children, have been killed and many injured during the protests. The violence has impacted health workers, hospitals and ambulances.

On 9 April 2021 the military junta announced during a televised press conference that all health workers participating in CDM protests would be considered to be committing genocide.

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Health Care

Violence and obstruction against health care has occurred throughout the country since the beginning of the coup, particularly in Mandalay and Yangon regions, as well as in Ayeyarwady, Chin, Kayah, Mon, Sagaing, Shan and Tanintharyi states, and Naypyidaw Union Territory.

Hospitals were raided and occupied and ambulances shot at. Health workers were arrested, injured, and in some cases killed in close-range shootings. Health workers were prevented from treating wounded protesters and emergency medical teams were shot at with live rounds while trying to retrieve or treat injured civilians.

Health workers were intimidated, arrested and evicted from government housing on suspicion of participating in the CDM. Data

Aid in Danger

Local non-governmental organisations providing emergency medical assistance and funeral services have been attacked and obstructed from aiding injured protesters. Aid volunteers were injured, arrested and in some cases shot and killed by military and police forces whilst assisting injured protesters. In Ayeyarwady, Mandalay and Yangon regions volunteer ambulances were shot at and damaged or destroyed whilst responding to injured civilians. LNGO offices were also raided and stored medical supplies looted by military and police forces. Data


Teachers have been arrested, injured, and shot and killed for their involvement or support of anti-coup protests. A number of schools and universities were also occupied by military forces

Throughout the country, students have led many anti-coup protests which has resulted in them becoming a target during violent crackdowns by armed military and police forces. Students have been arrested, injured, and in some instances shot and killed, during protests in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Tanintharyi and Yangon states. Data