Libya faces a protracted humanitarian crisis due to sustained armed conflict and governance and economic challenges. Added to this, unprecedented flooding in September 2023 caused large scale infrastructure damage and thousands of civilian deaths.

Insecurity Insight is supporting the humanitarian response to the September 2023 floods in Libya through the monitoring and analysis of social media and conflict events affecting food security, health care, protection and conflict related sexual violence.

As of early October 2023, over 4,000 people were reported to have been killed whilst 8,500 were missing in addition to large scale damage of civilian infrastructure including health facilities. The cities of Derna and Sousa in northeastern Libya and the neighbouring towns of Al Bayada and Al Makhaili were especially negatively affected.

The fragmentation of Libya’s governance following years of conflict violence and the existence of competing conflict parties has complicated the humanitarian response.

Quick Links

Situation Reports

This situation report covers eastern Libya, which is currently under the control of the Tobruk-based HoR led by Osama Hamad, and which receives support from the Libyan National Army (LNA) led by Khalifa Haftar. It discusses the implications of the complex political context for aid agencies working in eastern Libya. It provides an assessment of possible events that aid agencies may anticipate and plan for, allowing them to respond with conflict-sensitive plans to ensure the safety of staff and aid access and the protection of the humanitarian space.

Social Media Monitoring

To support the flooding response in Libya, Insecurity Insight is conducting ongoing social media monitoring to understand perceptions and key concerns around the aid response in this country and contribute to the development of aid agencies’ communication strategies in response to community feedback.

This report – First Aid Efforts in Libya in the aftermath of Storm Daniel – presents the findings from a review of more than 1,000 Facebook comments posted as part of public online discussions regarding the provision of aid in Libya in the immediate aftermath of Storm Daniel. Although the brief does not specifically focus on aid organisations or their activities in Libya, the aim is to understand online sentiments that could help aid agencies in their programming and security risk management.

This report – Attitudes on Social Media to International and Local Aid in Libya – aims is to understand online sentiment towards key issues and subjects that could help aid agencies in their programming and security risk management.

Health Care

2020 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Factsheet

The Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) identified 77 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Libya in 2020, compared to 73 such incidents in 2019. Those responsible for these incidents damaged or destroyed health facilities, and killed and injured health workers, forcing health facilities to close, with potentially devastating consequences for an effective COVID-19 response.

In April 2020 violence against health care rose significantly with hospitals damaged or forced to close due to renewed hostilities and violence between warring parties in western Libya. Violence was most frequently reported in Tripoli, surrounding districts in the western Tripolitania region, and Misrata. The main perpetrators were LNA forces, armed militias, and GNA and Turkish forces.

Read the full factsheet here and download the data here.

Our Global Interactive Map on Threats and Violence against Health Care provides access to continuously updated information on violence against health care in conflict.