Since 1 February 2021, Myanmar’s State Administrative Council has violently targeted doctors and teachers for taking a leading role in the nationwide Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM). Increased conflict in border areas has also seriously affected living conditions and aid access.

Two nurses arrested in Kachin state
18 September 2023: At the jetty in Yae Kyi village, Pam Ma Ti village tract, Myitkyina township and district, Kachin state, two female nurses and a male Red Cross volunteer were among ten youths reportedly arrested by an ethnic armed organisation Kachin Independence Army. The victims were the passengers of ferry boats running between Sinbo town […] more
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Health Care

Violence and obstruction against health care has occurred throughout the country since the beginning of the 2021 coup.

Hospitals have been raided and occupied and ambulances shot at. Health workers have been arrested, injured, and in some cases killed in close-range shootings. They have also been prevented from treating wounded protesters and emergency medical teams have been shot at with live rounds while trying to retrieve or treat injured civilians. Insecurity Insight monitors such attacks. Our data is available to download here.

2022 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Factsheet

Based on Insecurity Insight data, the SHCC identified 271 incidents of violence against or obstruction of access to health care in Myanmar in 2022, compared to 474 in 2021. In these incidents, 112 health workers were arrested and 27 were killed. Additionally, health facilities were damaged or destroyed on at least 46 occasions and raided 32 times. A total of 103 incidents were related to the ongoing political protests following the February 2021 military coup. The full chapter is accessible here.

Explore our Attacked and Threatened: Health Care at Risk interactive global map to see incidents where health workers were killed, kidnapped or injured and incidents where health facilities were damaged or destroyed since 2016.

Aid in Danger

Local non-governmental organisations providing emergency medical assistance and funeral services have been attacked and obstructed from aiding injured protesters. Aid volunteers have been injured, arrested and in some cases shot and killed by military and police forces whilst assisting injured protesters. In Ayeyarwady, Mandalay and Yangon regions volunteer ambulances were shot at and damaged or destroyed whilst responding to injured civilians. LNGO offices were also raided and stored medical supplies looted by military and police forces. Insecurity Insight monitors such violence. Our data is available for download here.


Teachers have been arrested, injured, and shot and killed for their involvement or support of anti-coup protests. A number of schools and universities have also been occupied by military forces.

Throughout the country, students have led many anti-coup protests which has resulted in them becoming a target during violent crackdowns by armed military and police forces. Students have been arrested, injured, and in some instances shot and killed during protests in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Tanintharyi and Yangon states. Insecurity Insight monitors such attacks on education. Our data can be downloaded here.