Since 1 February 2021, Myanmar’s State Administrative Council has violently targeted doctors and teachers for taking a leading role in the nationwide Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM). Increased conflict in border areas has also seriously affected living conditions and aid access.

Hospital occupied by the PDF in Magway
05 May 2024: In Tha Yet Taw village and village tract, Salin township, Minbu district, Magway region, a station hospital (primary-level, public) was occupied by the People’s Defence Force after this village had been raided by the said armed group. Source: Telegram Return to Myanmar home page. more
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Health Care

2023 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Factsheet

Based on Insecurity Insight data, the SHCC identified 418 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Myanmar in 2023, compared to 280 in 2022. In these incidents, 37 health workers were killed; health facilities were damaged or destroyed, and occupied. In addition, 102 health workers were arrested and 37 were killed. Hospitals continued to be damaged, mostly by explosive weapons and increasingly used as military bases by the Myanmar armed forces, frequently triggering further attacks by opposition forces. The factsheet is available in English.

A Tragic Milestone: Over 1,000 Attacks on Health Care in Myanmar Since the February 2021 Military Coup

Hospitals have been raided and occupied and ambulances shot at. Health workers have been arrested, injured, and in some cases killed in close-range shootings. They have also been prevented from treating wounded protesters and emergency medical teams have been shot at with live rounds while trying to retrieve or treat injured civilians. Insecurity Insight monitors such attacks.

This data is available to download and can be explored visually using our interactive Attacked and Threatened: Health Care at Risk map.

Aid in Danger

Local non-governmental organisations providing emergency medical assistance and funeral services have been attacked and obstructed from aiding injured protesters. Aid volunteers have been injured, arrested and in some cases shot and killed by military and police forces whilst assisting injured protesters. In Ayeyarwady, Mandalay and Yangon regions volunteer ambulances were shot at and damaged or destroyed whilst responding to injured civilians. LNGO offices were also raided and stored medical supplies looted by military and police forces. Insecurity Insight monitors such violence. Our data is available for download here.


Teachers have been arrested, injured, and shot and killed for their involvement or support of anti-coup protests. A number of schools and universities have also been occupied by military forces.

Throughout the country, students have led many anti-coup protests which has resulted in them becoming a target during violent crackdowns by armed military and police forces. Students have been arrested, injured, and in some instances shot and killed during protests in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Tanintharyi and Yangon states. Insecurity Insight monitors such attacks on education. Our data can be downloaded here.