Political instability and drought make conditions in Somalia among the most challenging worldwide for humanitarian aid agencies.

NGO driver kidnapped in Togdheer region
09 August 2023: In Daba Goryaale village, Togdheer region, a national NGO driver was kidnapped when Dulmi-diid clan militia entered the village and carjacked two NGO-owned vehicles. Source: AWSD. Return to Somalia home page. more
Previous stories:

Quick Links

Conflict and instability have been a persistent feature of Somali life for over two decades. The Somali government and its army hold the capital, Mogadishu. Meanwhile, much of northern Somalia is under the de facto governance of the self-declared states of Somaliland and Puntland. However, the rest of country’s territory is either disputed or controlled by a large variety of armed groups, the most influential of which are al-Shabaab and the Islamic State group. Beyond violence, Somalia’s humanitarian crisis is exacerbated by five consecutive below-average rainy seasons since late 2020 and global food price rises following the war in Ukraine. This has contributed to a situation in which 7.8 million people in Somalia were estimated to require humanitarian assistance as of September 2022. 

Conflict and Hunger

Insecurity Insight monitors conflict events affecting food insecurity in Somalia and complies these in the Food Insecurity and Violent Conflict (FIVC)-Somalia dataset which is accessible on Humanitarian Data Exchange (HDX). The categorisation of events in this dataset follows the Monitoring and Evaluation of Food Insecurity in Conflicts (MEFIC) framework, an analytical approach for understanding the links between conflict and food insecurity.

Health Care

Somalia and the 2020 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report

The SHCC identified ten incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Somalia in 2020 compared to 12 such incidents in 2019. Six health workers were killed in these incidents and 11 kidnapped. Read the full factsheet here. Download data.

Our Global Interactive Map on Threats and Violence against Health Care provides access to continuously updated information on violence against health care in conflict and related to COVID-19.