Insecurity and instability across Somalia make humanitarian operation challenging and unstable. Perpetual outbreaks of violence due to clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, the Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks all strongly impact humanitarian access.
In late April 2021 Somalia’s deepening political crisis descended into violence as clashes broke out between forces loyal to Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmajo” and those aligned with the political opposition. It is estimated that the political crisis along with a set of humanitarian disasters, including recent flash floods and a predicted drought, will leave more than six million people in need of aid.
2021 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report
The SHCC identified ten incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Somalia in 2020, compared to 12 such incidents in 2019. Six health workers were killed in these incidents and 11 kidnapped.