Burkina Faso has become one of the main areas affected by the instability that has swept the western Sahara region in the past decade as a result of the increased presence of Islamic militias.
Major militia groups, like the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS), which is historically affiliated to the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda groups, and Jama’at Nusrat al Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM), a branch of Al-Qaeda in Mali, have taken advantage of the fragile state institutions and lack of border controls in some remote parts of Burkina Faso to expand their operations. Some eastern Burkinabe regions, especially Sahel region, are reported to be mostly in the control of Islamic groups.
2021 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Report
The SHCC identified 17 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Burkina Faso in 2020, compared to 27 such incidents in 2019. Twenty-five health workers were killed and six hospitals were stormed in these incidents.