Policies implemented following the Taliban take over in mid-August 2021 coupled with developments such as drought and earthquakes have severely exacerbated challenges for aid agencies in Afghanistan.

Humanitarian access impeded
01-12 February 2024: Across all provinces, humanitarian access was impeded on 101 reported occasions, 90% of which were authored by de-facto authorities and armed forces, resulting in the temporary suspension of 37 programmes. Source: OCHA. Return to Afghanistan home page. more
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Health Care

Blog Post: When Vaccine Hesitancy Turns Violent

Vaccinations have often been treated with suspicion in Afghanistan following reports of a fake hepatitis vaccination campaign in Pakistan by US intelligence agencies and subsequent propaganda campaigns by militant groups. Insecurity Insight’s blog post for the RIAH project at the University of Manchester, UK, discusses recorded incidents of critical violence against vaccination campaigns between January 2016 and February 2022 across 16 countries including Afghanistan.

2022 Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) Factsheet

Based on Insecurity Insight data, the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition (SHCC) identified 81 incidents of violence against or obstruction of health care in Afghanistan in 2022, compared to 107 incidents in 2021. At least 31 health workers were arrested and 26 killed in these incidents, undermining health care providers’ ability to maintain safe staffing levels. Vaccination campaigns faced threats or violence on at least 13 occasions with ten vaccinators being fatally shot including eight polio vaccination workers killed on February 24. The full chapter is accessible here and the data can be downloaded here.

Our Global Interactive Map on Threats and Violence against Health Care provides access to continuously updated information on violence against health care in conflict and related to COVID-19.